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Distinct Notch1 and BCL11B requirements mediate human U+03B3U+03B4/U+03B1U+03B2 T cell development

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ondertitel:Distinct Notch1 and BCL11B requirements mediate human gamma delta/alpha beta T cell development
gamma delta and alpha beta T cells have unique roles in immunity and both originate in the thymus from T-lineage committed precursors through distinct but unclear mechanisms. Here, we show that Notch1 activation is more stringently required for human gamma delta development compared to alpha beta-lineage differentiation and performed paired mRNA and miRNA profiling across 11 discrete developmental stages of human T cell development in an effort to identify the potential Notch1 downstream mechanism. Our data suggest that the miR-17-92 cluster is a Notch1 target in immature thymocytes and that miR-17 can restrict BCL11B expression in these Notch-dependent T cell precursors. We show that enforced miR-17 expression promotes human gamma delta T cell development and, consistently, that BCL11B is absolutely required for alpha beta but less for gamma delta T cell development. This study suggests that human gamma delta T cell development is mediated by a stage-specific Notch-driven negative feedback loop through which miR-17 temporally restricts BCL11B expression and provides functional insights into the developmental role of the disease-associated genes BCL11B and the miR-17-92 cluster in a human context.
Tijdschrift: EMBO Reports
ISSN: 1469-221X
Issue: 5
Volume: 21
Aantal pagina's: 1
Jaar van publicatie:2020
Trefwoorden:Biochemie & -fysica en Moleculaire biologie, Celbiologie