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Why do physicians lack engagement with smoking cessation treatment in their COPD patients? A multinational qualitative study

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Smoking cessation is the only effective intervention to slow down the accelerated decline in lung function in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Nevertheless, physicians often do not routinely provide evidence-based smoking cessation treatment to their patients. To understand underlying reasons, we explored how physicians engage in smoking cessation treatment in their chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. In total, 21 focus group discussions were held with general practitioners and pulmonologists in seven different countries in Europe and Asia. We generated three themes, whereby some of the issues concerned smokers in general: first, 'physicians' frustration with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients who smoke'. These frustrations interfered with the provision of evidence-based treatment and could result in this group of patients being treated unequally. Second: 'physicians' limited knowledge of, and negative beliefs about, smoking cessation treatment'. This hindered treating smokers effectively. Third: 'healthcare organisational factors that influence the use of smoking cessation treatments'. Money and time issues, as well as the failure to regard smoking as a disease, influenced how physicians engaged in smoking cessation treatment. Our results indicate that there is a number of barriers to the provision of effective smoking cessation treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and smokers in general. Introducing an informative smoking cessation programme, including communication skills and ethical issues, in the vocational and postgraduate medical training may help to address these barriers. This is important in order to increase engagement with smoking cessation treatment and to improve quality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease care. CHRONIC LUNG DISEASE: CHANGING ATTITUDES TO HELP PATIENTS STOP SMOKING: Doctors should be given careful, ethically-informed guidance during medical training to help them to support patients to quit smoking. The most important part of treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is help to stop smoking. However, there is evidence to suggest that doctors don't always motivate COPD patients to quit. Eva Anne Marije van Eerd at Maastrict University, The Netherlands, together with an international team of scientists, conducted focus group interviews with doctors in seven different countries to assess barriers to smoking cessation. They found that doctors' frustration with and negative attitudes towards patients who continued to smoke contributed to poor cessation management and treatment inequalities in some cases. Many doctors also cited a lack of experience with smoking cessation techniques alongside time and money issues as barriers to effective treatment.
Tijdschrift: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
Issue: 1
Volume: 27
Aantal pagina's: 6
Jaar van publicatie:2017