Systematic review of the different aspects of primary snoring
Tijdschriftbijdrage - Review Artikel
Primary snoring, also known as simple or non-apnoeic snoring, is regarded as the first stage of sleep disordered breathing without severe medical consequences for the snorer and co-sleeper. Although it is a highly prevalent phenomenon in the general population, our knowledge is limited because of the lack of a consensus on terminology. This systematic review of the aspects used in the definitions of simple/primary snoring was conducted to obtain an inventory of current practices and compare these definitions with the conceptual definition of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. PubMed and Web of Science were searched from July 2016 onwards without any language limitations, and 362 references were obtained. After selection based on titles, 39 remained, among which 29 contained a definition or reference to a definition. In 69% of the studies, a cut-off <5 apnoea/Hypopnoea events per hour of sleep on the Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index was used. Despite this tendency, the cut-offs ranged from 0 to <15/h. Unfortunately, the cut-off and occasional requirements did not match the conceptual definition of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. A consensus must be reached on an operational and clinically relevant definition based on the clear conceptual definition.