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Simultaneous secretion of seven lignocellulolytic enzymes by an industrial second-generation yeast strain enables efficient ethanol production from multiple polymeric substrates

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A major hurdle in the production of bioethanol with second-generation feedstocks is the high cost of the enzymes for saccharification of the lignocellulosic biomass into fermentable sugars. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast that secretes a range of lignocellulolytic enzymes might address this problem, ideally leading to consolidated bioprocessing. However, it has been unclear how many enzymes can be secreted simultaneously and what the consequences would be on the C6 and C5 sugar fermentation performance and robustness of the second-generation yeast strain. We have successfully expressed seven secreted lignocellulolytic enzymes, namely endoglucanase, β-glucosidase, cellobiohydrolase I and II, xylanase, β-xylosidase and acetylxylan esterase, in a single second-generation industrial S. cerevisiae strain, reaching 94.5 FPU/g CDW and enabling direct conversion of lignocellulosic substrates into ethanol without preceding enzyme treatment. Neither glucose nor the engineered xylose fermentation were significantly affected by the heterologous enzyme secretion. This strain can therefore serve as a promising industrial platform strain for development of yeast cell factories that can significantly reduce the enzyme cost for saccharification of lignocellulosic feedstocks.
Tijdschrift: Metabolic Engineering
ISSN: 1096-7176
Volume: 59
Pagina's: 131 - 141
Aantal pagina's: 11
Jaar van publicatie:2020