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RORU+03B3t inhibition selectively targets IL-17 producing iNKT and U+03B3U+03B4-T cells enriched in Spondyloarthritis patients

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Ondertitel:ROR gamma t inhibition selectively targets IL-17 producing iNKT and gamma delta-T cells enriched in Spondyloarthritis patients
Dysregulated IL-23/IL-17 responses have been linked to psoriatic arthritis and other forms of spondyloarthritides (SpA). ROR gamma t, the key Thelperl7 (Th17) cell transcriptional regulator, is also expressed by subsets of innate-like T cells, including invariant natural killer T (iNKT) and gamma delta-T cells, but their contribution to SpA is still unclear. Here we describe the presence of particular ROR gamma t(+)T-be(lo)PLZF(-) iNKT and gamma delta-hi T cell subsets in healthy peripheral blood. ROR gamma t(+) iNKT and gamma delta-hi T cells show IL-23 mediated Th17-like immune responses and were clearly enriched within inflamed joints of SpA patients where they act as major IL-17 secretors. SpA derived iNKT and gamma delta-T cells showed unique and Th17-skewed phenotype and gene expression profiles. Strikingly, ROR gamma t inhibition blocked gamma delta 17 and iNKT17 cell function while selectively sparing IL-22(+) subsets. Overall, our findings highlight a unique diversity of human ROR gamma t(+) T cells and underscore the potential of ROR gamma t antagonism to modulate aberrant type 17 responses.
Tijdschrift: Nature Communications
Volume: 10
Aantal pagina's: 1
Jaar van publicatie:2019