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Postoperative Ileus: Pathophysiology, Current Therapeutic Approaches

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Postoperative ileus, which develops after each abdominal surgical procedure, is an iatrogenic disorder characterized by a transient inhibition of gastrointestinal motility. Its pathophysiology is complex involving pharmacological (opioids, anesthetics), neural, and immune-mediated mechanisms. The early neural phase, triggered by activation of afferent nerves during the surgical procedure, is short lasting compared to the later inflammatory phase. The latter starts after 3-6 h and lasts several days, making it a more interesting target for treatment. Insight into the triggers and immune cells involved is of great importance for the development of new therapeutic strategies. In this chapter, the pathogenesis and the current therapeutic approaches to treat postoperative ileus are discussed.
Tijdschrift: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
ISSN: 0171-2004
Volume: 239
Pagina's: 39 - 57
Jaar van publicatie:2017