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Oncolytic Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Induces Immunogenic Cell Death Resulting in Maturation of BDCA-1+ Myeloid Dendritic Cells

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Recently, a paradigm shift has been established for oncolytic viruses (OVs) as it was shown that the immune system plays an important role in the specific killing of tumor cells by OVs. OVs have the intrinsic capacity to provide the right signals to trigger anti-tumor immune responses, on the one hand by delivering virus-derived innate signals and on the other hand by inducing immunogenic cell death (ICD), which is accompanied by the release of various damage-associated molecules from infected tumor cells. Here, we determined the ICD-inducing capacity of Talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC), a herpes simplex virus type 1 based OV, and benchmarked this to other previously described ICD (e.g.,
doxorubicin) and non-ICD inducing agents (cisplatin). Furthermore, we studied the capability of T-VEC to induce the maturation of human BDCA-1+ myeloid dendritic cells (myDCs). We found that T-VEC treatment exerts direct and indirect anti-tumor effects as it induces tumor cell death that coincides with the release of hallmark mediators of ICD, while simultaneously contributing to the maturation of BDCA-1+ myDCs. These results unequivocally cement OVs in the category of cancer immunotherapy.
Tijdschrift: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
ISSN: 1661-6596
Issue: 9
Volume: 23
Jaar van publicatie:2022
Trefwoorden:Oncolytic Virotherapy, Immunogenic Cell Death, Melanoma, Myeloid dendritic cells, Cancer immunotherapy