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Magnetic resonance imaging of human dental pulp stem cells in vitro and in vivo.

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Recent advances in stem cell research have shown the promising nature of mesenchymal stem cells as plausible candidates for cell-based regenerative medicine. Many studies reported the use of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) which possess self-renewal capacity, high proliferation potential and the ability to undergo multi-lineage differentiation. Together with this therapeutic approach, development of effective, non-invasive and nontoxic imaging techniques for visualizing and tracking the cells in vivo is crucial for the evaluation and improvement of stem cell therapy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the most powerful diagnostic imaging techniques currently available for in vivo diagnosis and has been proposed as the most attractive modality for monitoring stem cell migration. The aim of this study was to investigate the labeling efficiency of hDPSCs using superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (SPIO) in order to allow visualization using in vitro and in vivo MRI without influencing cellular metabolism. MRI and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed optimal uptake with low SPIO concentrations of 15 mug/mL in combination with 0.75 mug/mL poly L-lysin (PLL) resulting in more than 13 pg iron/cell and an in vitro detection limit of 50 labeled cells/muL. Very low SPIO concentrations in the culture medium resulted in extremely high labeling efficiency not reported before. For these conditions, tetrazolium salt assays showed no adverse effects on cell viability. Furthermore, in vivo MRI was performed to detect labeled hDPSCs transplanted into the brain of Rag 2 - gamma C immune-deficient mice. Transplanted cells did not show any signs of tumorgenecity or teratoma formation during the studied time course. We have reported on a labeling and imaging strategy to visualize human dental pulp stem cells in vivo using MRI. These data provide a solid base to allow cell tracking in future regenerative studies in the brain longitudinally.
Tijdschrift: Cell Transplantation
ISSN: 0963-6897
Issue: 10
Volume: 22
Pagina's: 1813 - 1829
Jaar van publicatie:2013