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Light quality affects light harvesting and carbon sequestration during the diel cycle of crassulacean acid metabolism in Phalaenopsis

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Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) is a specialized photosynthetic pathway present in a variety of genera including many epiphytic orchids. CAM is under circadian control and can be subdivided into four discrete phases during a diel cycle. Inherent to this specific mode of metabolism, carbohydrate availability is a limiting factor for nocturnal CO2 uptake and biomass production. To evaluate the effects of light quality on the photosynthetic performance and diel changes in carbohydrates during the CAM cycle. Phalaenopsis plants were grown under four different light qualities (red, blue, red + blue and full spectrum white light) at a fluence of 100 µmol m-2 s-1 and a photoperiod of 12 h for 8 weeks. In contrast to monochromatic blue light, plants grown under monochromatic red light showed already a significant decline of the quantum efficiency (ΦPSII) after 5 days and of the maximum quantum yield (Fv/Fm) after 10 days under this treatment. This was also reflected in a compromised chlorophyll and carotenoid content and total diel CO2 uptake under red light in comparison with monochromatic blue and full spectrum white light. In particular, CO2 uptake during nocturnal phase I was affected under red illumination resulting in a reduced amount of vacuolar malate. In addition, red light caused the rate of decarboxylation of malate during the day to be consistently lower and malic acid breakdown persisted until 4 h after dusk. Because the intrinsic activity of PEPC was not affected, the restricted availability of storage carbohydrates such as starch was likely to cause these adverse effects under red light. Addition of blue to the red light spectrum restored the diel fluxes of carbohydrates and malate and resulted in a significant enhancement of the daily CO2 uptake, pigment concentration and biomass formation.
Tijdschrift: Photosynthesis Research
ISSN: 0166-8595
Issue: 2
Volume: 141
Pagina's: 195 - 207
Aantal pagina's: 13
Jaar van publicatie:2019