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The influence of strength training on muscle activation in elderly persons: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel
Age-related muscle weakness is only partially related to muscle atrophy, due to neuromuscular changes including reduced voluntary muscle activation and antagonist muscle co-activation. The respective contribution of these mechanisms in exercise-induced strength gains at higher age is unclear. Here the literature was systematically reviewed for studies reporting exercise-induced effects on voluntary muscle activation and antagonist muscle co-activation in elderly persons. Seventeen relevant studies were identified, 4 investigated voluntary muscle activation, 8 antagonist muscle co-activation and 5 studies investigated both. Meta-analysis showed an exercise-induced improvement in voluntary activation in plantar flexors (weighted mean difference (WMD) +8.8%, p
Tijdschrift: Experimental Gerontology
Aantal pagina's: 11
Jaar van publicatie:2014
Trefwoorden:Elderly, Skeletal muscle, Exercise, Voluntary activation, Co-activation, Antagonist, Strength training