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Identifying and evaluating barriers for the implementation of machine learning in the intensive care unit.

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

BACKGROUND: Despite apparent promise and the availability of numerous examples in the literature, machine learning models are rarely used in practice in ICU units. This mismatch suggests that there are poorly understood barriers preventing uptake, which we aim to identify. METHODS: We begin with a qualitative study with 29 interviews of 40 Intensive Care Unit-, hospital- and MedTech company staff members. As a follow-up to the study, we attempt to quantify some of the technical issues raised. To perform experiments we selected two models based on criteria such as medical relevance. Using these models we measure the loss of performance in predictive models due to drift over time, change of available patient features, scarceness of data, and deploying a model in a different context to the one it was built in. RESULTS: The qualitative study confirms our assumptions on the potential of AI-driven analytics for patient care, as well as showing the prevalence and type of technical blocking factors that are responsible for its slow uptake. The experiments confirm that each of these issues can cause important loss of predictive model performance, depending on the model and the issue. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the qualitative study and quantitative experiments we conclude that more research on practical solutions to enable AI-driven innovation in Intensive Care Units is needed. Furthermore, the general poor situation with respect to public, usable implementations of predictive models would appear to limit the possibilities for both the scientific repeatability of the underlying research and the transfer of this research into practice.
Tijdschrift: Commun Med (Lond)
ISSN: 2730-664X
Issue: 1
Volume: 2
Pagina's: 162
Jaar van publicatie:2022