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Effective Connectivity Reveals an Interconnected Inferotemporal Network for Three-Dimensional Structure Processing

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Disparity-defined 3D shape is processed in both the ventral and the dorsal visual stream. The network of cortical areas that is activated during the processing of disparity-defined 3D shape includes, in addition to parietal and premotor areas, three clearly distinct regions in inferotemporal cortex (ITC). To investigate the connectivity of the latter regions, we combined electrical stimulation with fMRI in male macaque monkeys. Electrical stimulation of each of the 3D-structure nodes in ITC mainly elicited increased fMRI activations in the other 3D-structure nodes and more variably in other parts of ventral visual cortex. Importantly, no increased activation was found in parietal areas, nor in PFC, whereas microstimulation in posterior parietal cortex did activate the ITC. Our results indicate that 3D-structure nodes in ITC form a strongly interconnected network, receiving input from parietal areas implicated in 3D-structure processing.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Previous studies combining electrical microstimulation with functional imaging showed an interconnected set of regions in the ventral stream processing faces or bodies, but is has been unclear whether the same is true for other visual categories. Here the authors show that there is a connected system of stereo-selective regions in inferotemporal cortex, receiving input from parietal areas in the dorsal stream.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Neuroscience
ISSN: 0270-6474
Issue: 44
Volume: 40
Pagina's: 8501 - 8512