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Clec4e-Receptor Signaling in Myocardial Repair After Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

The bacterial C-type lectin domain family 4 member E (CLEC4E) has an important role in sterile inflammation, but its role in myocardial repair is unknown. Using complementary approaches in porcine, murine, and human samples, we show that CLEC4E expression levels in the myocardium and in blood correlate with the extent of myocardial injury and left ventricular (LV) functional impairment. CLEC4E expression is markedly increased in the vasculature, cardiac myocytes, and infiltrating leukocytes in the ischemic heart. Loss of Clec4e signaling is associated with reduced acute cardiac injury, neutrophil infiltration, and infarct size. Reduced myocardial injury in Clec4e -/- translates into significantly improved LV structural and functional remodeling at 4 weeks' follow-up. The early transcriptome of LV tissue from Clec4e -/- mice versus wild-type mice reveals significant upregulation of transcripts involved in myocardial metabolism, radical scavenging, angiogenesis, and extracellular matrix organization. Therefore, targeting CLEC4E in the early phase of ischemia-reperfusion injury is a promising therapeutic strategy to modulate myocardial inflammation and enhance repair after ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Tijdschrift: JACC: Basic to Translational Science
Issue: 8
Volume: 6
Pagina's: 631 - 646
Aantal pagina's: 16
Jaar van publicatie:2021