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Chest Movement and Respiratory Volume both Contribute to Thoracic Bioimpedance during Loaded Breathing

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Bioimpedance has been widely studied as alternative to respiratory monitoring methods because of its linear relationship with respiratory volume during normal breathing. However, other body tissues and fluids contribute to the bioimpedance measurement. The objective of this study is to investigate the relevance of chest movement in thoracic bioimpedance contributions to evaluate the applicability of bioimpedance for respiratory monitoring. We measured airflow, bioimpedance at four electrode configurations and thoracic accelerometer data in 10 healthy subjects during inspiratory loading. This protocol permitted us to study the contributions during different levels of inspiratory muscle activity. We used chest movement and volume signals to characterize the bioimpedance signal using linear mixed-effect models and neural networks for each subject and level of muscle activity. The performance was evaluated using the Mean Average Percentage Errors for each respiratory cycle. The lowest errors corresponded to the combination of chest movement and volume for both linear models and neural networks. Particularly, neural networks presented lower errors (median below 4.29%). At high levels of muscle activity, the differences in model performance indicated an increased contribution of chest movement to the bioimpedance signal. Accordingly, chest movement contributed substantially to bioimpedance measurement and more notably at high muscle activity levels.
Tijdschrift: Scientific Reports
Issue: 1
Volume: 9
Aantal pagina's: 11
Jaar van publicatie:2019