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Assessing atmospheric dry deposition via water-soluble ionic composition of roadside leaves

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

This study focuses on the water-soluble ion concentrations in the washing solution of leaves of different roadside tree species at three sites in Iran to estimate the ionic composition of the dry deposition of ambient air particulates. All considered water-soluble ion concentrations were significantly higher next to the roads with high traffic density compared to the reference site with low traffic density. The PCA results showed that Ca2+, Mg2+, and originated mainly from traffic activities and geological sources, and Na+, Cl-, K+ and F- from sea salts. In addition to sea salt, K+ and F- were also originated from anthropogenic sources i.e. industrial activities, biomass burning and fluorite mining. Moreover, the concentration of the water-soluble ions depended on species and site. C. lawsoniana had significantly higher ion concentrations in its leaf washing solution compared to L. japonicum and P. brutia which indicates C. lawsoniana is the most suitable species for accumulating of atmospheric dry deposition. From our results, it can be concluded that sites with similar traffic density can have different particle loads and water-soluble ion species, and that concentrations in leaf-washing solutions depend on site conditions and species-specific leaf surface characteristics.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
ISSN: 1093-4529
Volume: 99
Pagina's: 1 - 9
Jaar van publicatie:2020
Trefwoorden:Omgevingswetenschappen en technologie