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Adjustment of extreme rainfall statistics accounting for multidecadal climate oscillation

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Rainfall extremes exhibit temporal clustering at multi-decadal time scales, most probably as a result of
persistence in large scale atmospheric circulation over such time scales. Analysis of a 107-year time series
of 10 min rainfall intensities since 1898 at Uccle, Brussels, has shown that the 1960s and the 1990-2000s
had a higher frequency and amplitude of high rainfall intensities at various time scales in the range
between 10 min and 1 month. These periods are alternated with periods of lower rainfall quantiles,
e.g. in the 1970-1980s.
The climate oscillations have to be accounted for when calculating extreme rainfall statistics, e.g. IDF
relation ships and synthetic storms commonly applied on the basis of urban drainage systems design. The
importanc e of this and how this climate oscillation accounting can be done is demonstrated in this pap er
based on the Uccle rainfall data. Old and new IDF statistics, based on, respectively, shorter and longer
rainfall series have been compared. It is shown that recent increases in rainfall statistics should not necessarily
be attributed to climate change but may also be due to a different positioning of the periods with
availabl e rainfall data in comparison with the climate oscillation high and low periods. Comparison of old
IDF statistics based on the period 1967-1993 versus new statistics based on the full period 1898-2007 or
the period 1970-2007 covering one climate oscillation cycle, shows 7.5% differenc e in extreme rainfall
quantiles for return periods higher than 1 year. Adjustment with +7.5% is required to remove the bias
in the old rainfall design values in comparison with the long-term statistics.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Hydrology
ISSN: 0022-1694
Volume: 490
Pagina's: 126-133
Aantal pagina's: 8
Jaar van publicatie:2013
Trefwoorden:extreme rainfall statistics
  • Scopus Id: 84876825016