Environmental law began to emerge as an important field of international law in the second half of the 20th century, with the growing realisation that environmental problems were of global concern and that coordinated action was urgently needed to tackle them. The negotiation of environmental treaties and other international instruments intensified significantly after the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. However, the ...
The Interplay between International Environmental Law and Rights of Nature: Somewhere between Obstacle and Facilitator for an Ecocentric Paradigm Shift? Ghent University
Instead of treating nature as an object, Rights of Nature presupposes the express bestowal of rights upon nature. On the surface, this novel legal approach stands at odds with the anthropocentric foundations of the international legal system. Even more recently emerged sustainability principles and environmental treaties reflect a predominantly instrumentalist approach towards nature. This research aims to delve deeper into the ambivalent ...
The Role of International and Regional Environmental Law in the Ecosystem Protection of Transboundary Watercourses Ghent University
Considering the natural link between water, wetlands and biodiversity, together with the degradation of transboundary watercourse ecosystems and water scarcity, this research aims to clarify the applicable legal framework for the protection of transboundary watercourse ecosystems, with a focus on the global and regional water agreements, the Convention on Biodiversity and the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
Access to environmental information held by the private sector under international, European and comparative law KU Leuven
The current paradigm for democracy and environmental justice rests heavily on the principles of transparency and public participation. Access to information is a precondition for the effective exercise of public participation mechanisms, and when it comes to environmental matters, one can hardly be conceived without the other. Regarding environmental data held by the private sector, companies are increasingly faced with demands for access to ...
Opportunities and pitfalls for sustainable materials management in European Union law EU materials law examined. KU Leuven
Pressures on natural resources, the environment and human health have increased in the past decades and will continue to rise if no changes will come about in many of our current patterns of resource extraction, manufacturing, product use and waste management. To this end, the European Union aims at transforming the Union’s economy from a linear system into a so-called Circular Economy, which is an economy based on a life-cycle approach. ...
What's the harm in environmental crime? Understanding the significance of harm for environmental governance. Ghent University
A literature review in green criminology and environmental governance provides the frame of analysis to (1) systematically identify/compare the harmfulness of documented environmental crimes and (2) assess/evaluate the significance of harm in environmental governance of the waste sector. This provides empirical evidence to refine theories on environmental harm and victimization and assesses the potential of harm to inform environmental ...
Legal optimization of payment for environmental services in favor of the preservation of environmental services in the Congo Basin: the case of Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of Congo Ghent University
These scholarships are awarded to researchers on the basis of social or humanitarian reasons (Blaise-Pascal Ntirumenyerwa Mihigo)
Environmental harm and the character, extent and impact of the environmental regulatory continuum. a case study of the waste management industry Ghent University
The project aims to develop an ecophyiological protocol for screening of
chilling tolerance, so that a significant greenhouse energy saving is
realised. Measurements of chlorophyll fluorescence, membrane integrity,
proline and turgidity are indicative for chilling stress. Their discriminating
performance will be determined through sensitivity analysis and forms the
basis of the hierarchical protocol.
Enforcement of environmental legislation: a comparison of practices in criminal and administrative tracks Ghent University
The institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP) will examine the process of criminal law enforcement of environmental law in all its stages. The intention is to further investigate the various decision moments and to identify possible difficult areas. The research focuses, among other things, on the prioritization of the penal sanctioning policy, the fine in practice, the conduct of policy in the field of fined persons, the ...