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Trigger factor is a bona fide secretory pathway chaperone that interacts with SecB and the translocase

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Bacterial secretory preproteins are translocated across the inner membrane post-translationally by the SecYEG-SecA translocase. Mature domain features and signal peptides maintain preproteins in kinetically trapped, largely soluble, folding intermediates. Some aggregation-prone preproteins require chaperones, like trigger factor (TF) and SecB, for solubility and/or targeting. TF antagonizes the contribution of SecB to secretion by an unknown molecular mechanism. We reconstituted this interaction in vitro and studied targeting and secretion of the model preprotein pro-OmpA. TF and SecB display distinct, unsuspected roles in secretion. Tightly associating TF:pro-OmpA targets the translocase at SecA, but TF prevents pro-OmpA secretion. In solution, SecB binds TF:pro-OmpA with high affinity. At the membrane, when bound to the SecA C-tail, SecB increases TF and TF:pro-OmpA affinities for the translocase and allows pro-OmpA to resume translocation. Our data reveal that TF, a main cytoplasmic folding pathway chaperone, is also a bona fide post-translational secretory chaperone that directly interacts with both SecB and the translocase to mediate regulated protein secretion. Thus, TF links the cytoplasmic folding and secretion chaperone networks.
Journal: EMBO Reports
ISSN: 1469-221X
Issue: 6
Volume: 21
Number of pages: 17
Publication year:2020
Keywords:Biochemistry/biophysics/molecular biology, Cell biology