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Terpinen-4-ol and carvacrol affect multi-species biofilm composition

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic activity and inhibitory effect of terpinen-4-ol (T4ol) and carvacrol against single- and multi-species biofilms. The toxicity of each compound was tested on oral keratinocytes and evaluated by XTT assay. Inhibition and eradication of single-species biofilms were analyzed by crystal violet assay and the effect on multi-species biofilm composition was evaluated by qPCR. T4ol and carvacrol did not affect the epithelial cell viability, in contrast to chlorhexidine, which showed a high cytotoxic effect. Inhibition and eradication of single-species biofilms treated with T4ol and carvacrol were observed. The same inhibitory effect was observed for multi-species biofilms, especially on periodontal pathogens. In conclusion, specific concentrations of T4ol and carvacrol without toxicity towards the epithelial cells reduced the numbers of periodontal pathogens in single- and multi-species biofilms.
Journal: Biofouling
ISSN: 0892-7014
Issue: 5
Volume: 35
Pages: 561 - 572
Number of pages: 12
Publication year:2019
Keywords:Aquatic sciences, Microbiology