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Sand fly studies predict transmission potential of drug-resistant Leishmania

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Leishmania parasites have the capacity to rapidly adapt to changing environments in their digenetic life cycle which alternates between a vertebrate and an invertebrate host. Emergence of resistance following drug exposure can evoke phenotypic alterations that affect several aspects of parasite fitness in both hosts. Current studies of the impact of resistance are mostly limited to interactions with the mammalian host and characterization of in vitro parasite growth and differentiation. Development in the vector and transmission capacity have been largely ignored. This review reflects on the impact of drug resistance on its spreading potential with specific focus on the use of the sand fly infection model to evaluate parasite development in the vector and the ensuing transmission potential of drug-resistant phenotypes.
Journal: Trends in Parasitology
ISSN: 1471-4922
Volume: 36
Pages: 785 - 795
Publication year:2020
Keywords:A1 Journal article, Microbiology