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Quantifying thumb opposition kinematics using dynamic Computed Tomography

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Current motion capture techniques all have shortcomings when applied to the 3D quantitative evaluation of thumb base motion. Dynamic CT might overcome these shortcomings but, so far, robustness of this technique in more than one specimen has not yet been demonstrated. The aim of the current study is to further evaluate the use of dynamic CT for quantification of thumb motion in a larger cadaveric study using a protocol which is feasible in a clinical context.A dynamic CT scan was acquired from six cadaveric human forearms, while a motion simulator imposed thumb opposition. After image acquisition and segmentation, carpal bone motion was quantified using helical axes. To enable comparisons between specimens, intersection points of the instantaneous helical axis with an anatomically defined plane were determined. Precision of the dynamic CT method, measured as variation in distances between silicon nitride beads between frames of a dynamic scan, was 0.43 mm (+/- 0.09 mm) when fixed to the skin and 0.13 mm (+/- 0.04 mm) when embedded into the bone. Absolute deviation between known and measured distances were not larger than 0.34 mm. We could demonstrate and quantify that thumb opposition is associated with motion at the trapeziometacarpal and scaphotrapezotrapezoidal joints. High consistency in motion patterns between specimen were found, while the radiation dose was limited. We conclude that dynamic CT can be used to visualize and quantify 3D thumb kinematics, making it a promising method to explore kinematics in vivo.
Journal: Journal of Biomechanics
ISSN: 0021-9290
Issue: 9
Volume: 49
Pages: 1994 - 1999
Publication year:2016