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Optimization of instrument response and resolution of standard- and high-speed power compensation DSC - Benefits for the study of crystallization, melting and thermal fractionation

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Normally, for Standard DSC, the PerkinElmer power-compensation setting is the low dynamic range mode (LDRM). In this mode, a noise filter is applied to decrease the noise-to-signal ratio, which concomitantly gives rise to a delay in time of the signal measured. In case the signal is expected to be of high intensity - experienced for instance at high scan rates using High Performance DSC (HPer DSC) - the noise filtering could be diminished by which the associated delay in time would be less, leading to a faster response of the instrument, also resulting in an improved resolution. In fact, such can be realized using the faster noise filter of the high dynamic range mode (HDRM) available for the Pyris 1 and Diamond DSCs, which DSCs are both equipped with the HyperDSC TM technique (HyperDSC being the commercial version of HPer DSC). The improvement in response is maximal for high rates like 100-500°C min -1 but even at low rates like 10°C min-1 it is still significant. Thus, taking advantage of HDRM, low-molar substances like indium and 4,4'-azoxyanisole show appreciable increasing height-to-width ratios for signals caused by crystallization, melting and the crystal <>liquid crystal transition respectively. Another advantage, the faster realization of steady state after the starting of the DSC, is of help in case of overlapping starting and transition signals during dynamic crystallization and melting, and during isothermal crystallization as elucidated for a HDPE. For 4,4'-azoxyanisole and for an ethylene-propylene copolymer having a broad melting range, it is shown that such faster response leads to a still better resolution with respect to temperature, even at high scan rates. Thus, the peaks belonging to the crystal-to-liquid crystal and the liquid crystal-to-isotropic liquid transitions of 4,4'-azoxyanisole were completely resolved while a thermal fractionation of the copolymer by the successive self-nucleation and annealing (SSA) technique with good resolution has been realized, both using rates as high as 200°C min-1. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Journal: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
ISSN: 1388-6150
Issue: 1
Volume: 93
Pages: 319 - 327
Number of pages: 9
Publication year:2008