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Intratesticular xenografting of Klinefelter pre-pubertal testis tissue as potential model to study testicular fibrosis

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Research question: Is intratesticular xenotransplantation a potential ex-vivo model for studying testicular fibrosis related to Klinefelter syndrome? Study design: First, a feasibility study of an ex-vivo model to study testicular fibrosis in patients with Klinefelter syndrome was performed. Testis tissue from boys with pre-pubertal Klinefelter syndrome (n = 3) and controls (n = 2) (<18 years) was grafted to the mouse testis (n = 12) and recovered after 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks. Part two of this study consisted of a validation of this model, evaluating the effects of the mast cell blocker ketotifen on the histology of the grafts of Klinefelter syndrome (n = 5) and controls (n = 3), transplanted to mice (n = 10), after 4 weeks of ketotifen or saline treatment. Immunohistochemistry determined the histology of the grafts and the presence of mast cells and spermatogonia. Results: The feasibility study showed that 4 weeks after transplantation, all Klinefelter syndrome grafts could be recovered. Later, degeneration was observed. Most recovered grafts showed an intact histology, with 67 ± 12% intact tubules for the Klinefelter syndrome grafts and 65 ± 15% of intact tubules for the control grafts. In the few remaining Klinefelter syndrome grafts, treatment with ketotifen improved testicular histology compared with non-treated grafts. Graft survival was patient dependent. No germ cell loss was observed after transplantation. Conclusion: Xenografting could become a model for the longitudinal study of the fibrotic process related to Klinefelter syndrome; however, the current model has a limited survival period and patient-specific differences in histology.

Journal: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
ISSN: 1472-6483
Issue: 5
Volume: 44
Pages: 896-906
Publication year:2022
Keywords:Ex-vivo model, Intratesticular xenografting, Ketotifen, Klinefelter syndrome, Testicular fibrosis