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Identity formation in early and middle adolescents from various ethnic groups. From three identity dimensions to five identity statuses

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

We used three identity processes (i.e., commitment, in-depth exploration, and reconsideration of commitment) from a recently developed model of identity formation to derive empirically identity statuses in a sample of 1952 early and middle adolescents. By means of cluster analysis, we identified five statuses: achievement, foreclosure, moratorium, searching moratorium, and diffusion. Specifically, we found an intra-status differentiation within moratorium, unraveling the positive and negative facets of this status documented in prior literature. The five clusters could be meaningfully distinguished on a number of variables, such as personality features, psychosocial problems, and parental relationships. These findings indicated that a valid distinction in identity statuses could be made in early and middle adolescence. Finally, age and ethnic background strongly affected the distribution of the participants among the five identity statuses. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
ISSN: 0047-2891
Issue: 8
Volume: 37
Pages: 983 - 996
Publication year:2008