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Effect of the static magnetic field of the MR-scanner on ERPs: evaluation of visual, cognitive and motor potentials

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: This work investigates the influence of the static magnetic field of the MR-scanner on ERPs extracted from simultaneous EEG-fMRI recordings. The quality of the ERPs after BallistoCardioGraphic (BCG) artifact removal, as well as the reproducibility of the waveforms in different environments is investigated. METHODS: We consider a Detection, a Go-Nogo and a Motor task, eliciting peaks that differ in amplitude, latency and scalp topography, repeated in two situations: outside the scanner room (0T) and inside the MR-scanner but without gradients (3T). The BCG artifact is removed by means of three techniques: the Average Artifact Subtraction (AAS) method, the Optimal Basis Set (OBS) method and the Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCA) approach. RESULTS: The performance of the three methods depends on the amount of averaged trials. Moreover, differences are found on both amplitude and latency of ERP components recorded in two environments (0T vs 3T). CONCLUSIONS: We showed that, while ERPs can be extracted from simultaneous EEG-fMRI data at 3T, the static magnetic field might affect the physiological processes under investigation. SIGNIFICANCE: The reproducibility of the ERPs in different recording environments (0T vs 3T) is a relevant issue that deserves further investigation to clarify the equivalence of cognitive processes in both behavioral and imaging studies.
Journal: Clinical Neurophysiology
ISSN: 1388-2457
Issue: 5
Volume: 121
Pages: 672 - 685
Publication year:2010