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Crystal structure of Arabidopsis thaliana neutral invertase 2

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

The metabolism of sucrose is of crucial importance for life on Earth. In plants, enzymes called invertases split sucrose into glucose and fructose, contributing to the regulation of metabolic fluxes. Invertases differ in their localization and pH optimum. Acidic invertases present in plant cell walls and vacuoles belong to glycoside hydrolase family 32 (GH32) and have an all-β structure. In contrast, neutral invertases are located in the cytosol and organelles such as chloroplasts and mitochondria. These poorly understood enzymes are classified into a separate GH100 family. Recent crystal structures of the closely related neutral invertases InvA and InvB from the cyanobacterium Anabaena revealed a predominantly α-helical fold with unique features compared with other sucrose-metabolizing enzymes. Here, a neutral invertase (AtNIN2) from the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana was heterologously expressed, purified and crystallized. As a result, the first neutral invertase structure from a higher plant has been obtained at 3.4 Å resolution. The hexameric AtNIN2 structure is highly similar to that of InvA, pointing to high evolutionary conservation of neutral invertases.
Journal: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
Issue: Pt 3
Volume: 76
Pages: 152 - 157
Publication year:2020
Keywords:Biochemistry/biophysics/molecular biology, Physics of solids, fluids and plasmas