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CHCHD2 harboring Parkinson's disease-linked T61I mutation precipitates inside mitochondria and induces precipitation of wild-type CHCHD2
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
The T61I mutation in coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 2 (CHCHD2), a protein residing in the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS), causes an autosomal dominant form of Parkinson's disease (PD), but the underlying pathogenic mechanisms are not well understood. Here, we compared the subcellular localization and solubility of wild-type (WT) and T61I mutant CHCHD2 in human cells. We found that mitochondrial targeting of both WT and T61I CHCHD2 depended on the four cysteine residues in the C-terminal coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix (CHCH) domain but not on the N-terminal predicted mitochondrial targeting sequence. The T61I mutation did not interfere with mitochondrial targeting of the mutant protein but induced its precipitation in the IMS. Moreover, T61I CHCHD2 induced increased mitochondrial production of reactive oxygen species and apoptosis, which was prevented by treatment with anti-oxidants. Retention of T61I CHCHD2 in the cytosol through mutation of the cysteine residues in the CHCH domain prevented its precipitation as well as its apoptosis-inducing effect. Importantly, T61I CHCHD2 potently impaired the solubility of WT CHCHD2. In conclusion, our data show that the T61I mutation renders mutant CHCHD2 insoluble inside mitochondria, suggesting loss of function of the mutant protein. In addition, T61I CHCHD2 exerts a dominant-negative effect on the solubility of WT CHCHD2, explaining the dominant inheritance of this form of PD.
Journal: Human Molecular Genetics
Pages: 1096 - 1106
Authors from:Government, Higher Education