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When motor control gets out of hand: speeding up triggers freezing in the upper limb in Parkinson’s disease

Tijdschriftbijdrage - e-publicatie

INTRODUCTION: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) can suffer from sudden movement arrests during upper limb tasks. The current study investigated a test to assess freezing of the upper limbs (FOUL) at two speed conditions to improve the sensitivity of FOUL detection. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with PD and 10 age-matched controls (HC) performed a freezing-provoking writing task, requiring up- and down-stroke writing at varying sizes in-between visual target zones indicating funnel-shapes on a touch-sensitive tablet. They performed five trials at their preferred speed, referred to as the Normal Funnel Task (NFT) and five trials at maximum speed, referred to as the Fast Funnel Task (FFT), in a random order. RESULTS: Based on a combination of kinematic criteria and video analysis, 183 FOUL episodes were detected in 24 participants (23 PD, 1 HC). The number of patients with FOUL, number of FOUL episodes and percentage time frozen were significantly higher during FFT than NFT. Most FOUL episodes occurred during writing at small (51.6%) and decreasing size (36.3%). Additionally, FOUL outcomes significantly correlated with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and New Freezing of Gait Questionnaire. CONCLUSION: As FOUL is more prevalent under higher task demands, these data offer support for the "threshold model", previously proposed to provide insight in freezing of gait (FOG) and underscoring the presupposed link between FOG and FOUL. As well, this study may provide a novel paradigm to assess FOUL in both laboratory and clinical settings.
ISSN: 1353-8020
Volume: 64
Pagina's: 163 - 168
Jaar van publicatie:2019
BOF-publication weight:2
CSS-citation score:1
Authors from:Higher Education