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Using risk factors and markers to predict bacterial respiratory co-/superinfections in COVID-19 patients

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ondertitel:is the antibiotic steward's toolbox full or empty?

BACKGROUND: Adequate diagnosis of bacterial respiratory tract co-/superinfection (bRTI) in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patients is challenging, as there is insufficient knowledge about the role of risk factors and (para)clinical parameters in the identification of bacterial co-/superinfection in the COVID-19 setting. Empirical antibiotic therapy is mainly based on COVID-19 severity and expert opinion, rather than on scientific evidence generated since the start of the pandemic.

PURPOSE: We report the best available evidence regarding the predictive value of risk factors and (para)clinical markers in the diagnosis of bRTI in COVID-19 patients.

METHODS: A multidisciplinary team identified different potential risk factors and (para)clinical predictors of bRTI in COVID-19 and formulated one or two research questions per topic. After a thorough literature search, research gaps were identified, and suggestions concerning further research were formulated. The quality of this narrative review was ensured by following the Scale for the Assessment of Narrative Review Articles.

RESULTS: Taking into account the scarcity of scientific evidence for markers and risk factors of bRTI in COVID-19 patients, to date, COVID-19 severity is the only parameter which can be associated with higher risk of developing bRTI.

CONCLUSIONS: Evidence on the usefulness of risk factors and (para)clinical factors as predictors of bRTI in COVID-19 patients is scarce. Robust studies are needed to optimise antibiotic prescribing and stewardship activities in the context of COVID-19.

Tijdschrift: Acta Clin Belg
ISSN: 0001-5512
Issue: 5
Volume: 78
Pagina's: 418-430
Jaar van publicatie:2023
Trefwoorden:Bacterial respiratory tract infection, COVID-19, antimicrobial stewardship, co-infection, superinfection