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Untargeted metabolomics reveals elevated LU+2010carnitine metabolism in pig and rat colon tissue following red versus white meat intake
Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel
Scope The consumption of red and processed meat, and not white meat, associates with the development of various Western diseases such as colorectal cancer and type 2 diabetes. This work aims at unraveling novel meat-associated mechanisms that are involved in disease development.Methods and Results A non-hypothesis driven strategy of untargeted metabolomics is applied to assess colon tissue from rats (fed a high dose of beef vs. white meat) and from pigs (fed red/processed meat vs. white meat), receiving a realistic human background diet. An increased carnitine metabolism is observed, which is reflected by higher levels of acylcarnitines and 3-dehydroxycarnitine (rats and pigs) and trimethylamine-N-oxide (rats). While 3-dehydroxycarnitine is higher in HT29 cells, incubated with colonic beef digests, acylcarnitine levels are reduced. This suggests an altered response from colon cancer cell line towards meat-induced oxidative stress. Moreover, metabolic differences between rat and pigs are observed in N-glycolylneuraminic acid incorporation, prostaglandin, and fatty acid synthesis.Conclusion This study demonstrates elevated (acyl)carnitine metabolism in colon tissue of animals that follow a red meat-based diet, providing mechanistic insights that may aid in explaining the nutritional-physiological correlation between red/processed meat and Western diseases.
Tijdschrift: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Aantal pagina's: 1
Jaar van publicatie:2021