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Unburdening dementia a basic social process grounded theory : based on a primary care physician survey from 25 countries

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Objective To explore dementia management from a primary care physician perspective. Design One-page seven-item multiple choice questionnaire; free text space for every item; final narrative question of a dementia case story. Inductive explorative grounded theory analysis. Derived results in cluster analyses. Appropriateness of dementia drugs assessed by tertiary care specialist. Setting Twenty-five European General Practice Research Network member countries. Subjects Four hundred and forty-five key informant primary care physician respondents of which 106 presented 155 case stories. Main outcome measures Processes and typologies of dementia management. Proportion of case stories with drug treatment and treatment according to guidelines. Results Unburdeningdementia - a basic social process - explained physicians' dementia management according to a grounded theory analysis using both qualitative and quantitative data. Unburdening starts withRecognizingthe dementia burden byBurden IdentificationandBurden Assessmentfollowed byBurden Relief. Drugs to relieve the dementia burden were reported for 130 of 155 patients; acetylcholinesterase inhibitors or memantine treatment in 89 of 155 patients - 60% appropriate according to guidelines and 40% outside of guidelines. More Central and Northern primary care physicians were allowed to prescribe, and more were engaged in dementia management than Eastern and Mediterranean physicians according to cluster analyses. Physicians typically identified and assessed the dementia burden and then tried to relieve it, commonly by drug prescriptions, but also by community health and home help services, mentioned in more than half of the case stories. Conclusions Primary care physician dementia management was explained by anUnburdeningprocess with the goal to relieve the dementia burden, mainly by drugs often prescribed outside of guideline indications. Implications:Unique data about dementia management by European primary care physicians to inform appropriate stakeholders.
Tijdschrift: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
ISSN: 0281-3432
Issue: 3
Volume: 38
Pagina's: 253 - 264
Jaar van publicatie:2020