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Trapeziometacarpal stabilization through dorsoradial ligament reconstruction: an early post-surgery in vivo biomechanical analyses

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Ligament reconstruction can provide pain relief in patients with a painful, unstable, pre-arthritic trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint. Imbrication of the dorsoradial ligament (DRL) has been proposed as a minimal invasive stabilization technique. It requires less invasive surgery than an Eaton-Littler technique and shows promising long-term clinical outcome. We used dynamic CT to objectively review the effects of the imbrication. Four patients with pain and laxity at the TMC joint, but without radiographic signs of osteoarthritis, were recruited. Dynamic CT scans were made during active thumb abduction-adduction, flexion-extension, and two functional grip tasks using a radiolucent jig. Scans of the patients were acquired before and 3 to 6 months after DRL reconstruction. Motion of each bone in the articular chain of the thumb was quantified. In addition, we mapped changes in the contact patterns between the articular facets during the entire thumb motion. After DRL imbrication, we found no overall decrease in MC1 movement in three out of four patients. Furthermore, no increase in TMC joint congruency, defined as proximity area size, was found for three out of four patients. Pre- and post-operative differences in congruency across different tasks were patient-dependent and relatively small. We demonstrated that, from a biomechanical perspective, there is high variability in post-operative outcome between patients that undergo identical surgical procedures performed by the same surgeon. A post-operative decrease in range of motion, increase in joint congruency or decrease in proximity area shift during thumb motion is not omnipresent. © 2018 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 36:2851-2864, 2018.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Orthopaedic Research
ISSN: 0736-0266
Issue: 11
Volume: 36
Pagina's: 2851 - 2864
Jaar van publicatie:2018