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Temporal kinematic differences throughout single and double-leg forward landings

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Screening methods for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries often involve double-leg landings, though the majority of ACL injuries occur during single-leg landings. Differences in kinematic temporal characteristics between single-leg and double-leg landings are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to examine discrete and temporal kinematics associated with functional valgus collapse during single-leg and double-leg landings (LANDSL and LANDDL). Three-dimensional kinematics were obtained during the landing phases of LANDSL and LANDDL in ninety participants (45 females: 20.1 ± 1.7 yr, 165.2 ± 7.6 cm, 68.6 ± 13.1 kg; 45 males: 20.7 ± 2.0 yr, 177.7 ± 8.5 cm, 82.8 ± 16.3 kg). Peak joint angles and time series curves for frontal and transverse plane hip and knee kinematics were analyzed with an RMANOVA (discrete variables) and Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) paired t-tests (time series). LANDSL elicited greater knee abduction than LANDDL from 0 to 35% (0-73 ms) but greater knee adduction from 54 to 100% (112-207 ms). Peak knee abduction was 2.0° greater during LANDDL than during LANDSL (p < .001). LANDSL elicited greater hip adduction than LANDDL from 2 to 33% (4-69 ms) and greater hip abduction from 49 to 100% (102-207 ms). Peak hip adduction was 4.6° greater during LANDSL than during LANDDL (p < .001). LANDSL elicited less knee internal rotation from 0 to 3% and greater hip internal rotation from 52 to 75% of the landing phase. Peak transverse plane joint angles did not differ between tasks. During the time frame in which ACL injuries are thought to occur, LANDSL elicited frontal plane knee and hip movement consistent with risky biomechanics. Researchers and clinicians should be cognizant of how a chosen screening task alters observed kinematic effects.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Biomechanics
ISSN: 0021-9290
Volume: 99
Aantal pagina's: 7
Jaar van publicatie:2020