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T-cells with a single tumor antigen-specific T-cell receptor can be generated in vitro from clinically relevant stem cell sources

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Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells have shown great promise in the treatment of B-cell malignancies. For acute myeloid leukemia (AML), however, the optimal target surface antigen has yet to be discovered. Alternatively, T-cell receptor (TCR)-redirected T-cells target intracellular antigens, marking a broader territory of available target antigens. Currently, adoptive TCR T-cell therapy uses peripheral blood lymphocytes for the introduction of a transgenic TCR. However, this can cause graft-versus-host disease, due to mispairing of introduced and endogenous TCR chains. Therefore, we started from hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC), that do not express a TCR yet, isolated from healthy donors, patients in remission after chemotherapy and AML patients at diagnosis. Using the OP9-DL1 in vitro co-culture system and agonist selection, TCR-transduced HSPC develop into mature tumor antigen-specific T-cells with only one TCR. We show here that this approach is feasible with adult HSPC from clinically relevant sources, albeit with slower maturation and lower cell yield compared to cord blood HSPC. Moreover, cryopreservation of HSPC does not have an effect on cell numbers or functionality of the generated T-cells. In conclusion, we show here that it is feasible to generate TA-specific T-cells from HSPC from adult healthy donors and patients and we believe these T-cells could be of use as a very valuable form of patient-tailored T-cell immunotherapy.
Tijdschrift: ONCOIMMUNOLOGY
ISSN: 2162-402X
Issue: 1
Volume: 9
Toegankelijkheid:Open