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The structural basis for an on-off switch controlling G beta gamma-mediated inhibition of TRPM3 channels

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

TRPM3 channels play important roles in the detection of noxious heat and in inflammatory thermal hyperalgesia. The activity of these ion channels in somatosensory neurons is tightly regulated by µ-opioid receptors through the signaling of Gβγ proteins, thereby reducing TRPM3-mediated pain. We show here that Gβγ directly binds to a domain of 10 amino acids in TRPM3 and solve a cocrystal structure of this domain together with Gβγ. Using these data and mutational analysis of full-length proteins, we pinpoint three amino acids in TRPM3 and their interacting partners in Gβ1 that are individually necessary for TRPM3 inhibition by Gβγ. The 10-amino-acid Gβγ-interacting domain in TRPM3 is subject to alternative splicing. Its inclusion in or exclusion from TRPM3 channel proteins therefore provides a mechanism for switching on or off the inhibitory action that Gβγ proteins exert on TRPM3 channels.
Tijdschrift: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
ISSN: 0027-8424
Issue: 46
Volume: 117
Pagina's: 29090 - 29100