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Specific anti-nuclear antibodies in systemic sclerosis patients with and without skin involvement : an extended methodological approach

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Methods. Serum samples from 145 consecutive monocentric SSc patients fulfilling LeRoy and Medgser's criteria for early SSc were studied. ANAs were detected by IIF on HEp-2000 cells and identified by western blotting, protein radio-immunoprecipitation, RNA immunoprecipitation and line immunoassay (LIA). SSc organ involvement was assessed according to a modification of Medsger's disease severity scale. Results. At least one specific ANA reactivity was present in 88% of the patients. The standard algorithm (IIF and LIA) found at least one specific ANA in 74% of the patients. The main reactivities missed by this algorithm were anti-RNA polymerase III, anti-PM/Scl and anti-Th/To. Eighty-three percent of the patients with limited SSc had at least one ANA. ACAs and anti-Th/To antibodies were significantly associated with limited SSc, whereas anti-topoisomerase I and anti-RNA polymerase III were observed less frequently. SSc organ system involvement was present in 63% of the patients with limited SSc, most of whom had lung involvement. Conclusions. Standard algorithms for ANA identification lack sensitivity for the detection of SSc-associated ANA and should be supplemented with additional assays, especially in a clinical environment that has particular interest in SSc. The spectrum of SSc-associated ANA differs according to the presence or absence of skin involvement.
ISSN: 1462-0324
Issue: 7
Volume: 50
Pagina's: 1302 - 1309
Jaar van publicatie:2011