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Smallholder agriculture in transition economies
Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd In this paper, we analyse how smallholder farms have evolved during the transition process in former communist countries and how this process has differed across countries and commodities. The role of smallholders in agriculture differs among transition countries, and this diversity is due to a combination of factors, including capital, labour and land endowments, income levels, scale economies, market imperfections, and reform choices. Institutions to access inputs and sell outputs affect the efficiency and survival of smallholders. In the past decade, the share of smallholders in land use and production has declined significantly as younger and more dynamic smallholders have become integrated in modern value chains, whereas older, less dynamic farmers have (semi-)retired, producing only for household consumption.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Agrarian Change
Pagina's: 882 - 892
Aantal pagina's: 11
Jaar van publicatie:2018