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Sinus Node Sparing Novel Hybrid Approach for Treatment of Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia/Postural Orthostatic Sinus Tachycardia With New Electrophysiological Finding

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

The ideal treatment of Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia (IST) and Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) still needs to be defined. Medical treatment yields suboptimal results, endocardial ablation of the sinus node (SN) may risk phrenic nerve damage and open heart surgery may be accompanied by unjustified invasive risks. We describe our first experience of 50 consecutive patients (41 females, 22.83 ± 3.91 years) having undergone a novel hybrid thoracoscopic ablation for drug resistant IST (n = 39, 78%) or POTS (n = 11, 22%). The SN was identified with the help of 3D mapping. Surgery was performed through 3 (5 mm) ports from the right side. A minimally invasive approach with a radio frequency bipolar clamp was utilized to a new target sparing the SN region, to isolate the superior and the inferior caval veins, and a crista terminalis line was made. All lines were interconnected. Normal SR was restored in all patients at the end of the procedure. All patients discontinued medication during the follow-up. After a blanking period of 6 months all patients presented stable SR. At a mean of 28.4 ± 1.2 months, normal SN ruction and chronotropic response to exercise was present. In the 11 patients initially diagnosed with POTS, no syncope occurred. During the follow-up, pericarditis was the most common complication (39 patients; 78%) with complete resolution in all cases. In conclusions the preliminary results of our first experience with a SN sparing novel hybrid ablation of IST/POTS, using surgical thoracoscopic video-assisted epicardial ablation combined with concomitant endocardial 3D mapping may prove an efficient and safe therapeutic option in patients with symptomatic drug resistant IST and POTS. Importantly, in our study all patients had a complete resolution of the symptoms and restored normal SN activity.
Tijdschrift: American Journal of Cardiology
ISSN: 0002-9149
Issue: 2
Volume: 124
Pagina's: 224 - 232
Aantal pagina's: 9
Jaar van publicatie:2019