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Severity of the S1251N allele in cystic fibrosis is affected by the presence of the F508C variant in cis

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

BACKGROUND: In cystic fibrosis (CF), genotype-phenotype correlation is complicated by the large number of CFTR variants, the influence of modifier genes, environmental effects, and the existence of complex alleles. We document the importance of complex alleles, in particular the F508C variant present in cis with the S1251N disease-causing variant, by detailed analysis of a patient with CF, with the [S1251N;F508]/G542X genotype and a very mild phenotype, contrasting it to that of four subjects with the [S1251N;F508C]/F508del genotype and classical CF presentation. METHODS: Genetic differences were identified by Sanger sequencing and CFTR function was quantified using rectal organoids in rectal organoid morphology analysis (ROMA) and forskolin-induced swelling (FIS) assays. CFTR variants were further characterised in CF bronchial epithelial (CFBE) cell lines. The impact of involved amino acid changes in the CFTR 3D protein structure was evaluated. RESULTS: Organoids of the patient [S1251N;F508] with mild CF phenotype confirmed the CF diagnosis but showed higher residual CFTR function compared to the four others [S1251N;F508C]. CFBE cell lines showed a decrease in [S1251N;F508C]-CFTR function but not in processing when compared to [S1251N;F508]-CFTR. Analysis of the 3D CFTR structure suggested an additive deleterious effect of the combined presence of S1251N and F508C with respect to NBD1-2 dimerisation. CONCLUSIONS: In vitro and in silico data show that the presence of F508C in cis with S1251N decreases CFTR function without affecting processing. Complex CFTR alleles play a role in clinical phenotype and their identification is relevant in the context of personalised medicine for each patient with CF.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis
ISSN: 1569-1993
Issue: 4
Volume: 21
Pagina's: 644 - 651
Jaar van publicatie:2022