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Separation of Scandium from Hydrochloric Acid-Ethanol Leachate of Bauxite Residue by a Supported Ionic Liquid Phase

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Solvometallurgy is a new branch of extractive metallurgy in which green organic solvents are used instead of aqueous solutions to improve selectivity in separation processes. In the present study, nonaqueous leaching of a Greek bauxite residue (BR) was performed and scandium was separated from other elements in the leachate by column chromatography. At first, the selectivity of sorbents for scandium(III) over iron(III) was tested in batch mode using various organic solvents. The following three sorbents were tested: (1) a carboxylic acid-functionalized supported ionic liquid phase (SILP), (2) silica (SiO2), and (3) silica functionalized with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (SiO2-TMS-EDTA). The best separation of scandium and iron was achieved from ethanolic solution by the SILP. The BR was then leached with 0.7 mol L-1 HCl in ethanol or in water. The leaching efficiency of scandium with both lixiviants was similar. However, much less sodium was leached, and silica remained in solution when leaching was performed with the ethanolic lixiviant. By using ethanol as opposed to water, the serious drawback of silica gel formation that is taking place in the aqueous leachate of BR was circumvented. The sorption preference of the SILP for metal ions in the ethanolic leachate was partly reversed compared to the aqueous leachate. Iron was separated from other metals of the ethanolic BR leachate by a simple elution with ethanol. The formation of the anionic tetrachloroferrate(III) complex, [FeCl4]-, enabled the selective elution. This complex was not observed in the aqueous leachate of BR. Scandium was separated from the vast majority of other components of the BR by elution with 0.1 mol L-1 H3PO4.
Tijdschrift: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
ISSN: 0888-5885
Issue: 34
Volume: 59
Pagina's: 15332 - 15342
Aantal pagina's: 11
Jaar van publicatie:2020
Trefwoorden:Toegepaste scheikunde en chemische ingenieurswetenschappen