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Secreted amyloid-beta precursor protein functions as a GABABR1a ligand to modulate synaptic transmission

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Amyloid-β precursor protein (APP) is central to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, yet its physiological function remains unresolved. Accumulating evidence suggests that APP has a synaptic function mediated by an unidentified receptor for the shed APP ectodomain (sAPP). Here, we showed that the sAPP extension domain directly bound the sushi 1 domain specific to the gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor subunit 1a (GABABR1a). sAPP-GABABR1a binding suppressed synaptic transmission and enhanced short-term facilitation in hippocampal synapses via inhibition of synaptic vesicle release. A 17 amino acid peptide corresponding to the GABABR1a binding region within APP suppressed spontaneous neuronal activity in vivo. Our findings identify GABABR1a as a synaptic receptor for sAPP and reveal a physiological role for sAPP in regulating GABABR1a function to modulate synaptic transmission.
Tijdschrift: Science
ISSN: 0036-8075
Issue: 6423
Volume: 363
Pagina's: 143 - 143
Aantal pagina's: 1
Jaar van publicatie:2019