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Robust Catheter Tracking by Fusing Electromagnetic Tracking, Fiber Bragg Grating and Sparse Fluoroscopic Images

Tijdschriftbijdrage - e-publicatie

Endovascular catheterization is an intervention which offers a low risk alternative to open surgery in many patients. Today’s interventions rely heavily on fluoroscopic imaging to guide interventionalists. Fluoroscopy only produces 2D visualization of the catheter and also exposes both the patient and interventionalists to harmful radiation. Different approaches have been proposed to overcome the limitations of fluoroscopy. Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG)-based shape sensing is becoming popular to reconstruct the catheter shape. Multi-core fibers with parallel optical cores are interesting as they allow 3D shape reconstruction with a single fiber. A common issue with FBG-based shape sensing is its sensitivity to variations in twist. Even small amounts of twist can significantly impact the overall shape reconstruction accuracy. This work proposes a novel approach which combines electromagnetic tracking (EMT), FBG-based shape sensing, and sparse fluoroscopic images. The method provides real-time 3D visualization of the catheter without the need of continuous fluoroscopy. A unique feature of the proposed method is the selective use of imaging for dynamic twist-compensation of the FBG sensor. The proposed sensor-fusion method improved 3D reconstruction accuracy. Real-world in-vitro experiments promising results. For a catheter with an embedded fiber length of 170 mm, the proposed approach the 3D shape with a median root-mean-square (rms) error of 0.39 mm and an interquartile range of 0.10 mm in the 2D experiment in which the catheter was bent in a plane. A median rms error of 0.54 mm and an interquartile range of 0.07 mm were achieved in the 3D experiments.
Tijdschrift: IEEE Sensors Journal
ISSN: 1530-437X
Issue: 20
Volume: 21
Pagina's: 1 - 12
Jaar van publicatie:2021
BOF-publication weight:1
CSS-citation score:1
Authors from:Government, Higher Education