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Risk factors for external root resorption of maxillary second molars due to impacted third molars as evaluated using cone beam computed tomography

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate risk factors for external root resorption (ERR) on maxillary second molars (MxM2) in association with impacted third molars (MxM3) using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. The angles between the axes of MxM2/MxM3 (inclination) were measured. Further, ERR on MxM2 was classified as absent, slight, moderate, or severe. Contact location between MxM3 and MxM2, the size of the dental follicle, type of impaction, root formation, and patient demographic characteristics were also assessed. Half of the 84 MxM2 showed ERR (slight 36.9%, moderate 6.0%, severe 7.1%). Patient age was a significant factor for the presence of ERR (P = 0.03). The inclination was also a relevant factor, with transverse MxM3 exhibiting the highest risk of ERR (P = 0.02). The cervical third (28.6%) showed a significantly lower risk percentage of ERR compared to the apical (73.7%) and middle thirds (60.6%) of the root (P = 0.004). Based on these findings, clinicians assessing the need for surgical removal should be able to selectively identify impacted MxM3 at risk of causing ERR on MxM2 early on, especially when the MxM3 is located in close contact with the apical and middle thirds of the MxM2 roots and has a transverse inclination.
Tijdschrift: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
ISSN: 0901-5027
Issue: 5
Volume: 49
Pagina's: 666 - 672
Aantal pagina's: 7
Jaar van publicatie:2020