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Prognostic Value of Chest CT Findings at BOS Diagnosis in Lung Transplant Recipients

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation is characterized by fibrotic small airway remodeling, recognizable on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). We studied the prognostic value of key HRCT features at BOS diagnosis after lung transplantation. METHODS: The presence and severity of bronchiectasis, mucous plugging, peribronchial thickening, parenchymal anomalies, and air trapping, summarized in a total severity score, were assessed using a simplified Brody II scoring system on HRCT at BOS diagnosis, in a cohort of 106 bilateral lung transplant recipients transplanted between January 2004 and January 2016. Obtained scores were subsequently evaluated regarding post-BOS graft survival, spirometric parameters, and preceding airway infections. RESULTS: A high total Brody II severity score at BOS diagnosis (P = 0.046) and high subscores for mucous plugging (P = 0.0018), peribronchial thickening (P = 0.0004), or parenchymal involvement (P = 0.0121) are related to worse graft survival. A high total Brody II score was associated with a shorter time to BOS onset (P = 0.0058), lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s (P = 0.0006) forced vital capacity (0.0418), more preceding airway infections (P = 0.004), specifically with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P = 0.002), and increased airway inflammation (P = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: HRCT findings at BOS diagnosis after lung transplantation provide additional information regarding its underlying pathophysiology and for future prognosis of graft survival.
Tijdschrift: TRANSPLANTATION
ISSN: 0041-1337
Issue: 11
Volume: 107
Pagina's: E292 - E304
Jaar van publicatie:2023
Toegankelijkheid:Closed