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Is polyomavirus-associated nephropathy more common in kidney transplant recipients exposed to valganciclovir? A retrospective single center analysis

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Background: BK polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN) is a frequent complication in the early phase after kidney transplantation. The most important risk factor for PVAN is the intensity of immunosuppression. A recent study suggests that exposure to valganciclovir (VGC) could also be a risk factor. Methods: We performed a retrospective, single-center study to investigate the effect of valganciclovir exposure on the risk for PVAN during the first 100 days post transplant. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) seronegative recipients of a CMV seropositive donor kidney received VGC prophylaxis, whereas CMV seropositive recipients were managed by a pre-emptive CMV strategy. Cox regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for PVAN development with VGC treatment and strength of immunosuppressive therapy as time-dependent variables. Results: A total of 211 adults who received a kidney transplant between 2014 and 2019 were included. Eighteen (9%) developed PVAN. Multivariate regression analysis showed that women have a lower risk of developing PVAN (hazard ratio [HR] 0.08 (confidence interval [CI] 0.01-0.58), P = .013), whereas age was associated with an increased risk for PVAN (HR 1.04 for every additional year [CI 1.00-1.08], P = .029). There was a trend toward a lower risk of PVAN for patients on reduced immunosuppressive therapy (HR 0.44 [CI 0.15-1.24], P = .12). VGC use was not associated with the risk for PVAN (HR 0.99 [CI 0.35-2.78], P = .98). Conclusions: In our study, VGC exposure was not associated with the risk for PVAN. Our study is the first to reassess in depth the hypothesis that VGC treatment increases the risk of PVAN. The unique strength of this study is the correction for the degree of immunosuppression and the statistical use of time-dependent covariates. This methodological approach can provide a foundation for further studies needed to confirm our findings.
Tijdschrift: Transplantation proceedings
ISSN: 0041-1345
Volume: 55
Pagina's: 123 - 128
Jaar van publicatie:2023
Trefwoorden:A1 Journal article