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Pharmacological inhibition of MALT1 protease activity protects mice in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Background: The paracaspase mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation protein 1 (MALT1) is crucial for lymphocyte activation through signaling to the transcription factor NF-kappa B. Besides functioning as a scaffold signaling protein, MALT1 also acts as a cysteine protease that specifically cleaves a number of substrates and contributes to specific T cell receptor-induced gene expression. Recently, small molecule inhibitors of MALT1 proteolytic activity were identified and shown to have promising anticancer properties in subtypes of B cell lymphoma. However, information on the therapeutic potential of small compound inhibitors that target MALT1 protease activity in autoimmunity is still lacking.Methods: The present study aimed to elucidate whether MALT1 protease inhibitors are also useful in the treatment of lymphocyte-mediated autoimmune pathologies such as multiple sclerosis (MS). For this, we studied the therapeutic potential of a recently identified inhibitor of MALT1 protease activity, the phenothiazine derivative mepazine, in the context of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the main animal model for MS.Results: We demonstrate that administration of mepazine prophylactically or after disease onset, can attenuate EAE. Importantly, while complete absence of MALT1 affects the differentiation of regulatory T (Treg) cells in vivo, the MALT1 protease inhibitor mepazine did not affect Treg development.Conclusions: Altogether, these data indicate that small molecule inhibitors of MALT1 not only hold great promise for the treatment of B cell lymphomas but also for autoimmune disorders such as MS.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Volume: 11
Aantal pagina's: 1
Jaar van publicatie:2014