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Personalised rehabilitation to improve return to work in patients with persistent spinal pain syndrome type II after spinal cord stimulation implantation: a study protocol for a 12-month randomised controlled trial-the OPERA study

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BACKGROUND: For patients with therapy-refractory persistent spinal pain syndrome type II (PSPS-T2), spinal cord stimulation (SCS) may serve as an effective minimally invasive treatment. Despite the evidence that SCS can improve return to work (RTW), only 9.5 to 14% of patients implanted with SCS are effectively capable of returning to work. Thus, it seems that current post-operative interventions are not effective for achieving RTW after SCS implantation in clinical practice. The current objective is to examine whether a personalised biopsychosocial rehabilitation programme specifically targeting RTW alters the work ability in PSPS-T2 patients after SCS implantation compared to usual care. METHODS: A two-arm, parallel-group multicentre randomised controlled trial will be conducted including 112 patients who will be randomised (1:1) to either (a) a personalised biopsychosocial RTW rehabilitation programme of 14 weeks or (b) a usual care arm, both with a follow-up period until 12 months after the intervention. The primary outcome is work ability. The secondary outcomes are work status and participation, pain intensity, health-related quality of life, physical activity and functional disability, functional capacities, sleep quality, kinesiophobia, self-management, anxiety, depression and healthcare expenditure. DISCUSSION: Within the OPERA project, we propose a multidisciplinary personalised biopsychosocial rehabilitation programme specifically targeting RTW for patients implanted with SCS, to tackle the high socio-economic burden of patients that are not re-entering the labour market. The awareness is growing that the burden of PSPS-T2 on our society is expected to increase over time due to the annual increase of spinal surgeries. However, innovative and methodologically rigorous trials exploring the potential to decrease the socio-economic burden when patients initiate a trajectory with SCS are essentially lacking. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05269212. Registered on 7 March 2022.
Tijdschrift: Trials
ISSN: 1745-6215
Issue: 1
Volume: 23
Jaar van publicatie:2022