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Patient empowerment improves follow-up data collection after fetal surgery for spina bifida: institutional audit

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

OBJECTIVES: To define and grade fetal and maternal adverse events following fetal surgery for spina bifida and to report on the impact of engaging patients in collecting follow-up data. METHODS: This prospective single-center audit included 100 consecutive patients undergoing fetal surgery for spina bifida between January 2012 and December 2021. In our setting, patients return to their referring unit for further pregnancy care and delivery. On discharge, referring hospitals were requested to return outcome data. For this audit, we prompted patients and referring hospitals to provide data in cases of missing outcomes. Outcomes were categorized as missing, returned spontaneously or returned following additional request, by the patient and/or referring center. Postoperative maternal and fetal complications until delivery were defined and graded according to Maternal and Fetal Adverse Event Terminology (MFAET) and the Clavien-Dindo classification. RESULTS: There were no maternal deaths, but severe maternal complications occurred in seven women (anemia in pregnancy, postpartum hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, lung atelectasis, urinary tract obstruction and placental abruption). No cases of uterine rupture were reported. Perinatal death occurred in 3% of fetuses and other severe fetal complications in 15% (perioperative fetal bradycardia/cardiac dysfunction, fistula-related oligohydramnios, chorioamnionitis and preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM) before 32 weeks). PPROM occurred in 42% of patients and, overall, delivery took place at a median gestational age of 35.3 weeks (interquartile range, 34.0-36.6 weeks). Information provided following additional request, from both centers and patients but mainly from the latter, reduced missing data by 21% for gestational age at delivery, 56% for uterine-scar status at birth and 67% for shunt insertion at 12 months. Compared with the generic Clavien-Dindo classification, the MFAET system ranked complications in a more clinically relevant way. CONCLUSIONS: The nature and rate of severe complications following fetal surgery for spina bifida were similar to those reported in other large series. Spontaneous return of outcome data by referring centers was low, yet patient empowerment improved data collection. © 2023 The Authors. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Tijdschrift: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
ISSN: 0960-7692
Issue: 4
Volume: 62
Pagina's: 565 - 572
Jaar van publicatie:2023