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Optimization of hydantoins as potent antimycobacterial decaprenylphosphoryl-β-D-ribose oxidase (DprE1) inhibitors

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

In search of novel drugs against tuberculosis, we previously discovered and profiled a novel hydantoin-based family that demonstrated highly promising in vitro potency against M. tuberculosis. The compounds were found to be non-covalent inhibitors of DprE1, a subunit of decaprenylphosphoryl-β-D-ribose-2′-epimerase. This protein, localized in the periplasmic space of the mycobacterial cell wall, was shown to be an essential and vulnerable antimycobacterial drug target. Here, we report the further SAR exploration of this chemical family through more than 80 new analogues. Among these, the most active representatives combined sub-micromolar cellular potency and nanomolar target affinity with balanced physicochemical properties and low human cytotoxicity. Moreover, we demonstrate in vivo activity in an acute Mtb infection model and provide further proof of DprE1 being the target of the hydantoins. Overall, the hydantoin family of DprE1 inhibitors represents a promising non-covalent lead series for the discovery of novel antituberculosis agents.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN: 0022-2623
Volume: 63
Pagina's: 5367 - 5386
Jaar van publicatie:2020