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Optimal experiment design for hypothesis testing applied to functional magnetic resonance imaging

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Hypothesis testing is a classical methodology of making decisions using experimental data. In hypothesis testing one seeks to discover evidence that either accepts or rejects a given null hypothesis H0. The alternative hypothesis H1 is the hypothesis that is accepted when H0 is rejected. In hypothesis testing, the probability of deciding H1 when in fact H0 is true is known as the false alarm rate, whereas the probability of deciding H1 when in fact H1 is true is known as the detection rate (or power) of the test. It is not possible to optimize both rates simultaneously. In this paper, we consider the problem of determining the data to be used for hypothesis testing that maximize the detection rate for a given false alarm rate. We consider in particular a hypothesis test which is relevant in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).
Volume: 44
Pagina's: 9953 - 9958
Jaar van publicatie:2011